What does an Allergist and Immunologist do?
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent allergic diseases and disease processes affecting the immune system.
- Present research findings at national meetings or in peer-reviewed journals.
- Engage in self-directed learning and continuing education activities.
- Document patients' medical histories.
- Conduct laboratory or clinical research on allergy or immunology topics.
- Provide allergy or immunology consultation or education to physicians or other health care providers.
- Prescribe medication such as antihistamines, antibiotics, and nasal, oral, topical, or inhaled glucocorticosteroids.
- Conduct physical examinations of patients.
- Order or perform diagnostic tests such as skin pricks and intradermal, patch, or delayed hypersensitivity tests.
- Educate patients about diagnoses, prognoses, or treatments.
- Interpret diagnostic test results to make appropriate differential diagnoses.
- Develop individualized treatment plans for patients, considering patient preferences, clinical data, or the risks and benefits of therapies.
- Coordinate the care of patients with other health care professionals or support staff.
- Assess the risks and benefits of therapies for allergic and immunologic disorders.
- Provide therapies, such as allergen immunotherapy and immunoglobin therapy, to treat immune conditions.
- Perform allergen provocation tests such as nasal, conjunctival, bronchial, oral, food, and medication challenges.
- Diagnose or treat allergic or immunologic conditions.