What does a Sport Medicine Physician do?
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent injuries that occur during sporting events, athletic training, and physical activities.
- Select and prepare medical equipment or medications to be taken to athletic competition sites.
- Provide coaches and therapists with assistance in selecting and fitting protective equipment.
- Advise against injured athletes returning to games or competition if resuming activity could lead to further injury.
- Observe and evaluate athletes' mental well-being.
- Participate in continuing education activities to improve and maintain knowledge and skills.
- Develop and prescribe exercise programs such as off-season conditioning regimens.
- Advise athletes on how substances, such as herbal remedies, could affect drug testing results.
- Conduct research in the prevention or treatment of injuries or medical conditions related to sports and exercise.
- Advise athletes, trainers, or coaches to alter or cease sports practices that are potentially harmful.
- Attend games and competitions to provide evaluation and treatment of activity-related injuries or medical conditions.
- Record athletes' medical histories and perform physical examinations.
- Supervise the rehabilitation of injured athletes.
- Refer athletes for specialized consultation, physical therapy, or diagnostic testing.
- Record athletes' medical care information and maintain medical records.
- Inform coaches, trainers, or other interested parties regarding the medical conditions of athletes.
- Provide education and counseling on illness and injury prevention.
- Prescribe orthotics, prosthetics, and adaptive equipment.
- Prescribe medications for the treatment of athletic-related injuries.
- Order and interpret the results of laboratory tests and diagnostic imaging procedures.
- Inform athletes about nutrition, hydration, dietary supplements, or uses and possible consequences of medication.
- Evaluate and manage chronic pain conditions.
- Examine and evaluate athletes prior to participation in sports activities to determine level of physical fitness or predisposition to injuries.
- Develop and test procedures for dealing with emergencies during practices or competitions.
- Coordinate sports care activities with other experts including specialty physicians and surgeons, athletic trainers, physical therapists, or coaches.
- Advise coaches, trainers, or physical therapists on the proper use of exercises and other therapeutic techniques and alert them to potentially dangerous practices.
- Examine, evaluate and treat athletes who have been injured or who have medical problems such as exercise-induced asthma.
- Diagnose or treat disorders of the musculoskeletal system.