What does a Phlebotomist do?

Draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.

Jobs Roles

  • Collect fluid or tissue samples, using appropriate collection procedures.
  • Dispose of blood or other biohazard fluids or tissue, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, or policies.
  • Dispose of contaminated sharps, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, and policies.
  • Document route of specimens from collection to laboratory analysis and diagnosis.
  • Draw blood from arteries, using arterial collection techniques.
  • Draw blood from capillaries by dermal puncture, such as heel or finger stick methods.
  • Draw blood from veins by vacuum tube, syringe, or butterfly venipuncture methods.
  • Explain fluid or tissue collection procedures to patients.
  • Match laboratory requisition forms to specimen tubes.
  • Organize or clean blood-drawing trays, ensuring that all instruments are sterile and all needles, syringes, or related items are of first-time use.
  • Administer subcutaneous or intramuscular injects, in accordance with licensing restrictions.
  • Calibrate or maintain machines, such as those used for plasma collection.
  • Collect specimens at specific time intervals for tests, such as those assessing therapeutic drug levels.
  • Conduct hemoglobin tests to ensure donor iron levels are normal.
  • Conduct standards tests, such as blood alcohol, blood culture, oral glucose tolerance, glucose screening, blood smears, or peak and trough drug levels tests.
  • Determine donor suitability, according to interview results, vital signs, and medical history.
  • Enter patient, specimen, insurance, or billing information into computer.
  • Monitor blood or plasma donors during and after procedures to ensure health, safety, and comfort.
  • Perform saline flushes or dispense anticoagulant drugs, such as Heparin, through intravenous (IV) lines, in accordance with licensing restrictions and under the direction of a medical doctor.
  • Process blood or other fluid samples for further analysis by other medical professionals.
  • Provide sample analysis results to physicians to assist diagnosis.
  • Serve refreshments to donors to ensure absorption of sugar into their systems.
  • Train other medical personnel in phlebotomy or laboratory techniques.
  • Transport specimens or fluid samples from collection sites to laboratories.