What does a Judge, Magistrate Judge, and Magistrate do?
Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.
- Instruct juries on applicable laws, direct juries to deduce the facts from the evidence presented, and hear their verdicts.
- Sentence defendants in criminal cases, on conviction by jury, according to applicable government statutes.
- Rule on admissibility of evidence and methods of conducting testimony.
- Preside over hearings and listen to allegations made by plaintiffs to determine whether the evidence supports the charges.
- Read documents on pleadings and motions to ascertain facts and issues.
- Interpret and enforce rules of procedure or establish new rules in situations where there are no procedures already established by law.
- Monitor proceedings to ensure that all applicable rules and procedures are followed.
- Advise attorneys, juries, litigants, and court personnel regarding conduct, issues, and proceedings.
- Research legal issues and write opinions on the issues.
- Conduct preliminary hearings to decide issues such as whether there is reasonable and probable cause to hold defendants in felony cases.
- Write decisions on cases.
- Award compensation for damages to litigants in civil cases in relation to findings by juries or by the court.
- Settle disputes between opposing attorneys.
- Supervise other judges, court officers, and the court's administrative staff.
- Impose restrictions upon parties in civil cases until trials can be held.
- Rule on custody and access disputes, and enforce court orders regarding custody and support of children.
- Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses.
- Participate in judicial tribunals to help resolve disputes.
- Perform wedding ceremonies.
- Provide information regarding the judicial system or other legal issues through the media and public speeches.