What does a Dermatologist do?

Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases or other conditions of the skin.

Jobs Roles

  • Refer patients to other specialists, as needed.
  • Record patients' health histories.
  • Provide dermatologic consultation to other health professionals.
  • Provide liposuction treatment to patients.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, and participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in dermatology.
  • Instruct interns or residents in diagnosis and treatment of dermatological diseases.
  • Evaluate patients to determine eligibility for cosmetic procedures such as liposuction, laser resurfacing, and microdermabrasion.
  • Conduct or order diagnostic tests such as chest radiographs (x-rays), microbiologic tests, and endocrinologic tests.
  • Recommend diagnostic tests based on patients' histories and physical examination findings.
  • Conduct clinical or basic research.
  • Provide therapies such as intralesional steroids, chemical peels, and comodo removal to treat age spots, sun damage, rough skin, discolored skin, or oily skin.
  • Provide dermabrasion or laser abrasion to treat atrophic scars, elevated scars, or other skin conditions.
  • Prescribe hormonal agents or topical treatments such as contraceptives, spironolactone, antiandrogens, oral corticosteroids, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and antibiotics.
  • Perform skin surgery to improve appearance, make early diagnoses, or control diseases such as skin cancer.
  • Perform incisional biopsies to diagnose melanoma.
  • Diagnose and treat pigmented lesions such as common acquired nevi, congenital nevi, dysplastic nevi, Spitz nevi, blue nevi, and melanoma.
  • Counsel patients on topics such as the need for annual dermatologic screenings, sun protection, skin cancer awareness, or skin and lymph node self-examinations.
  • Conduct complete skin examinations.
  • Diagnose and treat skin conditions such as acne, dandruff, athlete's foot, moles, psoriasis, and skin cancer.